Dana Declaration Supports Mobile Indigenous Peoples' Promotion of New Approach to Conservation at the IUCN 5th World Parks Congress, Durban September 2003

CLICK HERE FOR PRESS RELEASE by Refugee Studies Centre (RSC), University of Oxford, September, 2003

The Dana Declaration was promoted at Indigenous Peoples' meetings in Durban, prior to and during the formal IUCN World Parks Congress (WPC) sessions. See reports below for more details:

Representatives of many Mobile Peoples attending the World Parks Congress in Durban united in supporting the Dana Declaration, and campaigned strongly to defend their cultural and livelihood rights, and to develop further respect for their traditional environmental protection knowledge and experience.

The World Parks Congress (WPC) represents the single most important platform for the promotion of the Dana Declaration. The congress set out future priorities related to protected areas policy in the coming decade. These priorities were incorporated into an Action Plan suggesting the practical measures that need to be taken to realize this mission. A cross-cutting 'Theme on Indigenous and Local Communities, Equity and Protected Areas' (TILCEPA) was established by the IUCN World Commission on Protected Areas and the IUCN Commission on Economy, Environments and Social Policy. TILCEPA proposed four areas for recommendations to be carried forward including one on the issue of Mobile Peoples and Protected Areas, discussed at various themes throughout the conference. Funds were granted for a two-day preparatory workshop (6th to 7th September) for around 20 representatives of nomadic, transhumant and other Mobile Peoples to plan their participation and inputs to the Congress, share the required information and organize activities and networking during the event. They presented a collective contribution towards an effective Plan of Action for Mobile Peoples and Protected Areas representing a coherent, action-oriented follow-up to the Dana Declaration.

The Mobile Indigenous Peoples participants then participated in the IUCN World Parks Congress Workshop on Linkages in the Landscape on September 11th and the Workshop on Mobile Peoples and Conservation on September 12th covering issues including Community Conserved Areas, Co-managed protected areas and development of an Action Plan for Mobile Peoples.

Key outcomes of the representations of the Mobile Peoples group at the World Parks congress were the Durban Accord and the Durban Action plan.

The Durban Accord: A Global Commitment for People and the Earth's Protected Areas (English)
El Acuerdo de Durban: Nuestro compromiso mundial para con la población humana y las áreas protegidas de la Tierra. (Español)
L'Accord de Durban: Notre engagement mondial pour l'homme et les aires protégées (Français)


The Durban Action Plan (English)
El plan de Accion de Durban (Español)
Le Plan d'Action Durban (Français)

Key Durban Action Plan sections include:

Durban Accord Outcome Three
A global system of protected areas, with links to surrounding landscapes and seascapes, is in place.

Durban Accord Outcome Five
The rights of indigenous peoples, including mobile indigenous peoples, and local communities are secured in relation to natural resources and biodiversity conservation.

Of the Recommendations formally approved at the Congress that most relevant to the aims of the Dana Declaration is:

WPC Recommendation 5.27 Mobile Indigenous Peoples and Conservation (English)
WPC Recomendacione 5.27 Los pueblos indígenas móviles y la conservación (Español)
WPC Recommandation 5.27 Populations mobiles et conservation (Français)

Other relevant recommendations include:

WPC Recommendation 5.24 Indigenous Peoples and protected areas (English)

WPC Recomendacione 5.24 Pueblos indígenas y áreas protegidas (Español)
WPC Recommandation 5.24 Les populations autochtones et les aires protégées (Français)

WPC Recommendation 5.26 Community Conserved Areas (English)
WPC Recomendacione 5.26 Áreas conservadas por comunidades (Español)
WPC Recommandation 5.26 Aires conservées par des communautés (Français)

WPC Recommendation 5.28 Protected Areas: Mining and Energy (English)
WPC Recomendacione 5.28 Áreas protegidas: minería y energía (Español)
WPC Recommandation 5.28 Les aires protégées: les mines et l'énergie (Français)

By the close of the congress the attending Mobile Indigenous Peoples had decided to combine their forces into a campaigning organisation to be called the World Alliance of Mobile Indigenous Peoples (WAMIP). See reports below:

Report of Meeting of the Mobile People September 15
World Alliance of Mobile Indigenous Peoples (WAMIP) Steering Committee Meeting 16 September 2003

Mobile Peoples and Conservation Workshop Overall Report
Uncle Sayyaad's Speech to the Plenary of the World Parks Congress, Durban, Republic of South Africa, Read by Aghaghia Rahimzadeh 9 September 2003

Mobile Indigenous Peoples travel for first time to a World Parks Congress: A historical moment revisits South Africa with the creation of the World Alliance of Mobile Indigenous Peoples. By Monica Castello

Other reports:

"Indigenous Peoples and Protected Areas at the World Parks Congress." By J. Peter Brosius (Department of Anthropology, University of Georgia). Published in Conservation Biology vol 18, no.3, June 2004 pp. 609-612. Part of a series of articles addressing issues in international conservation, following on from the Durban WPC. Click here for full draft text [pdf].

Protected Areas and the Convention on Biological Diversity IUCN Position Paper. This has been written by the IUCN Protected Areas Unit IUCN Position Paper.

Aims and Development of the Durban Accord

World Commission on Protected Areas (WCPA): Follow-up from World Parks Congress, Durban. Key recomendationsfor action to assist in the recommendations and results from the Congress being effectively communicated and Implemented.

World Parks Congresswebsite where you can get full detailed information and Congress updates.

Governance Stream of the 5th World Parks Congresswebsite providing the published proceedings of the Governance Stream of the 5th World Parks Congress in Durban (Sept 2003).